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Hepatitis B Virus HBV and Hepatitis C Virus HCV Nigerian American immigrants awareness knowledge and attitudes

By Juliana Chidimma Agubokwu

University of Science, Arts, and Technology, Montserrat, USA

Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Published: Jun 13, 2023 | pg. no: 1-33

Abstract: Over 300 million people live with the Hepatitis B virus (HBV), and over 170 million live with the Hepatitis C virus (HCV) worldwide. In sub-Saharan Africa, Nigeria has over 21 million people living with HBV and/or HCV. Yet, most Nigerian people living with hepatitis are unaware that they have the disease. U.S. Nigerian immigrants are at high risk for HBV and HCV because they originate from Nigeria, which has an increased number of HBV and HCV infections. This study examined the knowledge, perception, and attitude of Nigerian immigrants living in the US towards HBV and HCV infections to create awareness of the disease for Nigerians in general. A quantitative survey was conducted using survey monkey questionnaires. Fisher exact tests were performed to compare the perceptions of HBV and HCV infections, infection behaviors, the perceptions of Western and traditional medicine use among Nigerians, and educational awareness of the disease. IBM® SPSS® statistical software was used to analyze the data. A total of 132 participants responded to the survey. Statistically significant interactions were found in the perception of HBV and HCV infections, educational awareness of HBV and HCV infections, infection behaviors between Nigerian men and women, use of western and traditional medicine, and Nigerians' education level. Perceptions of HBV and HCV infections between age, marital status, and socioeconomic status of Nigerian immigrants were equally significant.

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